Brushy Mountain, Grotto Falls - Trillium Gap Trailhead, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, North Carolina
Brushy Mountain - 6.7 miles
Grotto Falls - Trillium Gap Trailhead
|Round-Trip Length:||6.7 miles|
|Start-End Elevation:||3,235' - 4,911' (4,911' max elevation)|
|Elevation Change:||+1,676' net elevation gain (+1,768' total roundtrip elevation gain)|
Brushy Mountain - 6.7 Miles Round-Trip
Brushy Mountain (4,911') is located 3.35 miles from the Grotto Falls - Trillium Gap Trailhead in Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Brushy Mountain is a Heath Bald, defined as a treeless area in mid - high elevations with distinct plant communities. Primary constituents include sand myrtle, laurel, rhododendron, blueberry and huckleberry. Heath Balds are sometimes called Laurel Slicks for their waxy, shiny appearance.
Visitors will enjoy ecological variety, Grotto Falls and exceptional views from the summit:
The Trillium Gap Trail rises steadily by the creek among concentrated eastern hemlock. Hemlock, sometimes called redwoods of the east, are among the largest and most common trees in the Park. They can reach 150' with trunks 6' in diameter and live several hundred years.
Travel moderates beside Roaring Fork Creek to Grotto Falls (1.3 miles 3,760'), and slips behind it under the overhang to the far side. This cool, moist environment is ideal habitat for salamanders, of which there are 30 species in the Park.
The trail climbs 950' in 1.6 miles from Grotto Falls to Trillium Gap (a mountain pass), where it splits for Mount Le Conte and Brushy Mountain (2.9 miles : 4,710').
The Brushy Mountain trail is rocky, rutted, and passes through low tunnels of rhododendron and laurel before opening near the summit (3.35 miles : 4,911'). Once clear you'll have a great look at Mount Le Conte (6,593') right behind you.
While the summit is unmarked, it's apparent when the trail tilts downhill and branches to various viewpoints. On clear days you can see Gatlinburg, Lookout Rock (4,445') and Mt Winnesoka (4,308' - north), Potato Ridge and Greenbrier Pinnacle (northeast), and across several valleys (southeast).
- N35 40.827 W83 27.755 — Grotto Falls - Trillium Gap Trailhead
- N35 40.677 W83 27.420 — .5 miles : Steady climb on wide, smooth path
- N35 40.434 W83 26.965 — 1.3 miles : Grotto Falls
- N35 40.358 W83 26.571 — 2.0 miles : Appreciably steeper and more rugged trail
- N35 40.189 W83 26.235 — 2.5 miles : Arboreal diversity on rapid elevation gain
- N35 40.433 W83 25.973 — 2.9 miles : Brushy Mountain Trail split
- N35 40.683 W83 25.818 — 3.35 miles : Brushy Mountain summit (4,911')
- While they seem like a simple natural occurrence, the formation and maintenance of balds is not fully understood. Heath balds in the Smokies are usually attributed to rocky, shallow, and acidic soil beds that are inhospitable to most tree species, but tolerated by low-lying shrubs with more versatile root systems.
- Those with an early start may consider continuing on to Mount Le Conte, which is 3.55 miles and +1,883' from the Trillium Gap junction. The day hike to Grotto Falls, Brushy Mountain, and Mount Le Conte is a total 13.8 miles roundtrip.
- The Trillium Gap Trail is the primary supply route to the Le Conte Lodge. It's fairly common to see llama teams on this trail up to three times a week during peak season.
Camping and Backpacking Information
BACKPACKING IN THE SMOKIES
Great Smoky Mountains National Park requires a permit and advance reservations for all backcountry camping in the park. Before planning your backcountry trip, please read through this important information about reservations and permits, regulations, bear safety, trail closures, and more.
Reserve your Backcountry or Thru Hike permits here: https://smokiespermits.nps.gov/
Please direct questions concerning backpacking trip planning to the Backcountry Information Office at (865) 436-1297. Phone calls are the preferred method of contact. The information office is open daily from 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time). In addition to answering your backpacking questions, the experienced backpackers in the Backcountry Information Office can provide you with tips to make your trip safe and enjoyable.
Backpackers and hikers are subject to all Backcountry Rules and Regulations. Failure to abide by park regulations may subject you to a fine under Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations. Maximum fine for each violation is $5,000 and/or 6 months in jail.
General Backcountry Regulations
1. Camping is permitted only at designated backcountry campsites and shelters.
2. You may not stay at any backcountry campsite for more than 3 consecutive nights. You may not stay consecutive nights at campsite 113 or at any shelter.
3. Maximum party size is 8. Two parties affiliated with the same group may not stay in the same campsite or at the same shelter on the same night(s). Special permits may be issued for a few sites that accommodate parties of up to 12.
4. Fires are only allowed at designated campsites and shelters and must be contained in a fire ring. Constructing new fire rings is prohibited. You may only burn wood that is dead and already on the ground. You may not cut any standing wood.
5. It is illegal to possess firewood originating from a location from which a federal or state firewood quarantine is in effect. Read information about this quarantine and the states affected.
6. Building a fire in the fireplace of any historic structure or removing any parts of a historic structure, including brick or rock, is illegal.
7. Backcountry permit holders may not use tents at shelters.
8. Hammocks may only be used within designated backcountry campsites. They may not be used inside shelters and may not be attached to shelters in any way.
9. All odorous items (e.g., food, trash, lip balm, toothpaste, stock feed, hay etc) must be hung on the bear cable system at each campsite or shelter.
10. Human waste must be disposed of at least 100 feet from any campsite, shelter, water source or trail and must be buried in a hole at least 6 inches deep.
11. All food, trash, clothing, equipment or personal items must be packed out.
12. Burning food, trash or anything other than dead wood is prohibited.
13. Carving into or defacing trees, signs, shelters or other backcountry features is illegal.
14. Soap, even biodegradable soap, may not be used in any water sources. Bathing and washing dishes should be done well away from water sources and campsites.
15. No dogs or other pets are allowed on any park trails except the Gatlinburg Trail and the Oconaluftee River Trail. No dogs or other pets may be carried into the backcountry.
16. No motorized vehicles are allowed in the backcountry.
17. No hunting is allowed anywhere in the park
18. Feeding, touching or teasing wildlife is prohibited. You may not willfully approach within 50 yards (150 feet) of elk or bears.
- Fishing is permitted year-round, from 30 minutes before official sunrise to 30 minutes after official sunset.
- The park allows fishing in all streams except Bear Creek at its junction with Forney Creek, and Lynn Camp Prong upstream of its confluence with Thunderhead Prong.
- A valid fishing license from Tennessee or North Carolina is required to fish in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Either state license is valid throughout the park and no trout stamp is required. Fishing licenses and permits are not available in the park, but may be purchased in nearby towns or online.
- Daily Possession Limits: Five (5) brook, rainbow or brown trout, smallmouth bass, or a combination of these, each day or in possession, regardless of whether they are fresh, stored in an ice chest, or otherwise preserved. The combined total must not exceed five fish. Twenty (20) rock bass may be kept in addition to the above limit. A person must stop fishing immediately after obtaining the limit.
- Size Limits: Brook, rainbow, and brown trout: 7 inch minimum. Smallmouth bass: 7 inch minimum. Rockbass: no minimum. Trout or smallmouth bass caught less than the legal length shall be immediately returned to the water from which it was taken.
- Lures, Bait, and Equipment: Fishing is permitted only by the use of one hand-held rod. Only artificial flies or lures with a single hook may be used. Dropper flies may be used, with up to two flies on a leader.
Rules and Regulations
- There is no entrance fee to Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
- Pets, motorized vehicles, and bicycles are not permitted on backcountry trails in GSMNP.
- Leashed pets are allowed in developed areas and along roads, but are not allowed on park trails.
Directions to Trailhead
The Grotto Falls - Trillium Gap Trailhead is located 5.3 miles from downtown Gatlinburg TN in the north central quadrant of the Park.
From downtown Gatlinburg, turn south onto Airport Blvd from light #8. Airport Blvd turns into Cherokee Orchard Road as it enters GSMNP. Just past the Rainbow Falls lot (3.3 miles from light #8), turn right at the sign for Grotto Falls (3.6 miles). The Grotto Falls Trailhead is located 1.7 miles ahead on the right (5.3 miles from light #8). Drive cautiously on these narrow, winding roads. Note that this is a one way road, and you'll be deposited onto Highway 321 on the return from the trailhead, several miles east of where you entered on Airport / Cherokee Orchard Road.
Great Smoky Mountains National Park
107 Park Headquarters Road
Gatlinburg, TN 37738
Visitor Information - Recorded Message
Backcountry Office - Camping and Reservations
The Backcountry Reservation Office is open from 8 am - 6 pm daily (EST)
Backcountry Information Office - Trip Planning Questions
The information office is open daily 9 am - 12n (EST)
Oconaluftee Visitor Center (North Carolina side - south entrance)
Sugarlands Visitor Center (Tennessee side - north entrance)